When we want to give a horse the option to take part in an activity or not, we can learn to wait for the horse to give us a consent signal that tells us when he is comfortable for us to go ahead.
This task looks at setting up a consent signal for grooming. Some horses love to be groomed. Others not so much.
There are a variety of reasons why a horse may not be relaxed about grooming.
- A traumatic grooming experience, e.g. punishment for restless movement. ‘One Time’ trauma learning is a real thing.
- Grooming while tied up if tying up itself causes anxiety. Being in cross-ties may feel a bit like a straightjacket – we have removed all options for movement.
- Grooming before activities that the make the horse feel nervous, afraid, uncomfortable, in pain, and/or exhausted.
- Grooming with tools the horse finds uncomfortable.
- General inexperience or discomfort with being around people or a certain person.
- A combination of any of the above.
To establish the horse targeting his cheek to a brush as a consent signal that he is okay for us to proceed with grooming.
- Horse and handler are clicker savvy.
- Handler has developed a clear ‘Zero Intent’ signal so the horse knows when standing quietly is what is wanted. Number 10 in my Blog Contents List: ‘Zero Intent’ and ‘Intent’. Click here.
- Horse understands the concept of targeting body parts to our hand. Click here.
- Horse and handler agree on signals the horse gives when he is ready to do something again. Seeking the Horse’s Consent Signals: Click here.
#241 HorseGym with Boots: https://youtu.be/-TK4VqCnvL4
Materials and Environment
- A venue where the horse is able to relax. Ideally he can see his buddies but they can’t interfere.
- Horse is not hungry.
- A soft brush.
- Mat (optional).
- Your horse may develop more than one consent signal. You will note in the video that Boots uses two. One is turning toward me to let me know she is finished chewing and ready to repeat. The other is moving her lips in what we call a ‘smile’ but sometimes she does it very discretely and it is just a wiggle of her lips.
- Note that we are chaining two tasks. Consent for one (target cheek to brush) becomes the consent for the second task (grooming).
- Notice how her body language changes when I start grooming.
- If the horse is mat savvy (parks willingly on a mat) you can use a mat when you begin this exercise. But if the horse is worried about grooming, we may not want to make the mat part of a worrying process.
- Begin with asking the horse to target his chin to your hand as per Prerequisite 3. This lets him know which game you are about to play.
- Change to asking him to target his cheek to your hand, using the process outlined for the chin.
- Once 2 is ho-hum, hold a soft brush for him to target with his cheek.
- Once 3 is ho-hum, brush a few strokes after the click&treat for targeting cheek to brush. Sometimes I begin brushing while delivering the treat with my other hand, then click&treat again for accepting the brush strokes.
- Gradually brush a bit more before the second click&treat (the first is for touching cheek to brush). Be super aware of thresholds of discomfort. If the horse needs to move, he is over threshold and we’ve gone too fast.
- Depending on how the horse feels about brushing, it may take many short sessions for him to become more comfortable with brushing, or it might happen very quickly. Spring shedding time is often when grooming is appreciated most.
- Teach the whole process from the beginning on the horse’s other side.
- Practice in different places.
- Add a variety of brushes.
- Use a similar process to get the horse comfortable with cloths, ropes, sticks rubbed all over his body.